The Only One

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At a time when I was the only black 7th grade teacher at a charter school in Crown Heights, Brooklyn, New York (2015). 

Every day I stand in front of my diverse classroom intensely aware of my skin color. As the only black man teaching at my school, I am one of the 3.7 percent of New York City teachers that share my identity. This May, during Teacher Appreciation Month, I celebrated the critical impact black male educators have on the life of students who share similar experiences based on our gender, race, and life experiences. Despite the crucial impact we make, there are less black male teachers in NYC today than ten years ago. It is time for NYC, and the rest of America, to double down on recruiting, retaining, and developing excellent black male educators.

Growing up in Miami, I was one of the only black students through most of my schools and classes. Still, my teachers reflected the great diversity of my hometown – I had multiple African American, white, and Hispanic teachers of both genders throughout my K-12 education. It was these teachers that challenged and pushed me to become the learner, and later educator, that I am today.

Now, as the only black male teacher in a New York City public school, I am not just a teacher to my black boys and girls, I am a father figure, their uncle, their big brother, their mentor, and their hero. At the end of my first year in this school, a group of my black female students started to affectionately call me “Uncle” Toussaint. It has carried over into this school year. On my birthday, I found a card on my desk, signed by this group of four black girls and the card read, “Happy Birthday Uncle, you’ve done so much for us. You’re an amazing figure to have in our lives.” My connection with my students go beyond the content and test results. I look at them and see myself, 20 years ago. And in turn, I am someone they can see themselves becoming.

A study by the Institute for Labor Economics found that if a low-income black male student has a black teacher in elementary schools they are 39 percent less likely to drop out of school and more likely to attend college. These effects were even stronger when the teacher is a male or shares the gender as the students they teacher. Conversely, the media reports constantly about the disproportionately, higher rates of suspensions that black boys face in American schools. Not only are black boys susceptible to systematic racism and discrimination, but they are also susceptible to stereotypes that too often become self-fulling prophecies suffocated by dreams deferred.

In an age when our black boys are under constant attack, we must interrupt the status quo for young black male lives and the limited narrative that offer such limited options. As an educator of fifteen years, the solution I’ve seen work best is to recruit and retain black men in the teaching profession. Education is the most powerful vehicle people have to rise from humble circumstances and fight for better opportunities for their families and communities. When we recruit, support and retain black men in the crucial roles of educator, principal, counselor, or coach we provide a powerful opportunity for our young black boys. They are able to share some lessons that only a black man in American can truly pass on to a black boy; like how to survive an encounter with the police; how to code switch, how to fight with your words and not your fist, how to advocate for those like you and how to give back. This is the important difference a black male education can have on his students. It promotes a narrative that at times can seem non-existent, and makes it real, that black men can be intelligent, caring and a vital part of the development of children.

Nationwide, black men make up only 2 percent of the teachers, while half of all students are students of color. James Baldwin said, Children have never been very good at listening to their elders, but they have never failed to imitate them.” Our children need to see black male educators, who are professional, passionate, intelligent and tangible. It is time to deeply invest in effective initiatives that develop and recruit black male educators that address this issue nationwide.

As a black male educator, I am not just a teacher to my black boys and girls, I am a father figure, an uncle, a big brother, a mentor, and their hero. They trust me. They love me. 30 years in the school system and it seems all too familiar. I look around and I am the only one. But this time, I am not the only black boy, I am the only black man. 




Just be a descent human-being and use common damn sense!

When Colin Kaepernick is kneeling, he is exercising his “right” to peacefully protest. This is not a violent attack on our military or any civilians. Feelings may get hurt, but no one is in any physical danger. And yes, rich people have the right to protest too.

When openly racist members of white supremacy protest, but instead use violence to get their point across, that is not only dangerous, it is Un-American. It is the exact opposite of what our brothers and sisters in uniform or risking their lives for. It is a direct attack on American citizens. It is a direct attack on democracy. Our military fights for freedom, not oppression.

This battle for equality in America is not just for black people, gay people, women or immigrants. It’s about people. People who do bad things should be held accountable—that is all. People who use violence should be held accountable. Officials who abuse their power to oppress others, in order for their own benefit are just as guilty.

Nonetheless, I do believe in a system where white Americans have an inherit advantage; fair or not fair. That same privilege and power is what it is going to take to save our country. Who can come between a fight between two elephants?

Just like when viral youtube videos of black people acting ignorant makes all black people look bad; the same can be said for what is happening in Virginia right now. At this moment, this country needs descent, moral white Americans to openly and publicly be just as bold as the white supremacists; not just today and tomorrow, but everyday.

And to my black people. We need to continue to be good to each other; today, tomorrow and everyday.

A driver plows into a crowd of protesters in Charlottesville, Virginia. Photo by Associated Press

A New Standard: How Viola Davis and “Moonlight” Flipped the Script

The playwright Tarell Alvin McCraney, left, and the director Barry Jenkins teamed up to make the film “Moonlight.” NEW YORK TIMES

“Moonlight” won best picture and Viola Davis won best supporting actress. No one can deny the powerful cast and brilliance of Moonlight. Having grown up in Allapattah, a neighborhood some 20 blocks south of Liberty City, where the movie was set, gives me an even deeper appreciation for the film’s accolades and accomplishments. When “Moonlight” is celebrated, everyone who grew up in Black Miami celebrates. Black Miami has never existed outside of those of us who grew up there; on the other side of the bridge. Miami has always been perceived as a one night stand between “What happens in Vegas stays in Vegas” and  “Havana Nights.” I’m glad the cameras and stars took their talents to the hood this time; look at what they were able to create . 


The beauty, grace and talent of Viola Davis is undeniable. She continues to make history as a woman of color in film, but particularly as a dark-skinned black woman. Hollywood has always had a problem with colorism. America has a problem with colorism. Hell, the black community has a problem with colorism. White or anything associated with whiteness has always been the gold standard. So for Viola to be so successful in an industry driven by imagery and whiteness is extraordinary. With what she has had to overcome as a woman, a black woman, a dark-skinned black woman at that, might essentially make her the most talented actor that Hollywood has ever seen. 

While many will see the accomplishments of “Moonlight” and Viola’s Oscar-winning performances as monumental achievements for black actors and actresses, still, I am torn. On one hand, I realize that The Oscars is Hollywood’s Super Bowl. It’s the highest honor that any director, producer, film writer or actor could ever be bestowed with. However, The Oscars still represents an old American, patriarchy. According to a report written in 2016, 94% of the members of the Academy are white (The Economist). Ironically, this same group has the power and privilege to curate what art, beauty and the black experience is, from a white male perspective. And their perspective is golden? I have to be critical under those circumstances. I am genuinely happy for all the winners and nominees nonetheless. To have your life’s work and craft celebrated among your peers and fans must be a great honor.

In the same breath, Hollywood is also just as responsible for much of the social stereotypes and misconceptions of the black experience as any other American institution. The seemingly improbable journeys of the virtually all black cast and crew of “Moonlight,”along with Viola Davis’s personal triumphs, is what makes their achievements greater than the Oscars themselves. 

I shake my head at the the Oscars, for the many who were snubbed or pegged into subservient roles in order to be recognized. Black actors and actresses do not need the Oscars, if anything, the Oscars needs more diversity and representation. 

Whose America?

Hundreds of thousands protested along 42nd Street in Manhattan during the Women’s March.

Crowds of protesters flooded the streets of every major city in the United States; hundreds of thousands in Washington, D.C., Chicago, New York City and Boston. Even my hometown of Miami drew over 10,000 protesters. To think, just days before the mass demonstrations, I had no idea of how immense the protests would be. As my social media feed continued to update, I learned that it was not just a movement in America, but it was a worldwide collaboration. London, Nairobi, Berlin, Paris and Prague too? Over 1 million people worldwide protested on Saturday (see article Washington Post ). It was a worldwide march lead by women, with a unified message; the disapproval of the recently elected United States President, Donald Trump.

There has been a tremendous amount of controversy surrounding this campaign and his ascent to the White House. Many have viewed his words as racist, misogynistic, xenophobic and divisive. One of Trump’s most troublesome ideas is to build a wall along the southern border of the United States, in which he initially stated that the Mexican government would pay for (see article Los Angeles Times). He also painted a grim picture of Mexicans and other immigrants from Latin American countries as being responsible for bringing crime and drugs into the United States.

On 16 June, at his campaign launch for the Republican presidential nomination in 2016, Donald Trump aired his views on immigration, saying: ‘[Mexico is] sending people that have lots of problems … They’re bringing drugs. They’re bringing crime. They’re rapists.’ (see video The Guardian).  

Not only did Mr. Trump speak harshly  about Hispanics, but he also proposed a ban on immigrants from Muslim countries, (see video CNN News) creating a larger rift within America and its immigrant communities.

According to News One, Trump received single digit support from black voters throughout most of the campaign. His rallies were overwhelmingly white and there were several instances in which black people were physically assaulted by white crowds (see video Washington Post). Furthermore, Trump publicly received support from the white supremacist group, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) (see article Washington Post). Trump’s campaign swiftly denounced the group’s support, however their public endorsement left an undeniable stain. With this kind of negative press, relations with the black community became as tense as ever.

And just 24 hours before a nationally televised presidential debate, a recording of Mr. Trump having a conversation about groping women and “grabbing them by the pussy” was made public (see video New York Times). This brought even more controversy to his campaign and the timing could not have been worse. Surely, his approval ratings would drop. Surely Mrs. Clinton would expose Mr. Trump and use his words and ideas to show just how unfit of a candidate he was. But like a cat with nine lives, Trump survived yet another blow to his campaign and came out seemingly unscathed.  His crowd remained fervently supportive of him.

Going into the November election, the polls and experts had Hillary Clinton ahead with a double-digit lead (see article CNN News). But on the night of Tuesday, November 7th, the unexpected happened. Clinton’s so-called lead never actually materialized. As a matter of fact, the race was a lot closer than the experts had anticipated, and the world witnessed one of the biggest upsets in election history. Though reports will show that Hillary Clinton won the popular vote by 2.9 million votes, the electoral map was overwhelmingly red (see article CNN News). The results of the election created an uproar. Members of the Democratic party demanded a recount. It even brought our electoral college system into serious question; many legislators are now arguing to have it removed all together.

What a campaign year! Our country seems more divided than ever. Though many continue to contest Trump’s presidency, the fact remains that he is our nation’s leader.

I was part of the massive crowds that marched, chanted and protested. And as I marched among the throngs of people, something became apparent, more than ever. Dr. King’s words never rang truer:

“Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly.”


Protesters crowd the streets at Grand Central Station.

The historic crowds were impressive and beautifully diverse. The marches brought people of all walks together. However, I had to ask myself:


  • When scores of unarmed black bodies were being mowed down by law enforcement, sparking protests and giving birth to the phrase Black Lives Matter, where was the uprising then?  Where was the outrage?
  • When mass shootings of innocent men, women and children in Colorado, Connecticut, and Florida revealed how our gun laws continue to put as all at risk, where were the mass protests then?
  • When families were being torn apart by aggressive deportation practices-again, where was everyone then?
  • When our native American brothers and sisters’ livelihoods were under direct attack by greedy and heartless companies threatening to build a pipeline directly through their water source and ancient burial grounds, where was everyone?
  • Where was everyone on November 7th?


All of our struggles are just as important, but they are not always treated with equal care, respect and the unity that they deserve.

The mere threat of the Trump administration galvanized millions world-wide. So what gave this march priority over everything else? I cannot quite say, but moving forward, if we want to preserve our rights and dignity as Americans, it would behoove us to capture a wider lens that includes everyone in the struggle. We can’t just protest when we are inconvenienced. We must speak out against oppression and injustice for everyone.


Thy Kingdom Come: Hidden History and the Fall of Haiti


The story of Haiti, is the story of a fallen champion. Today, Haiti is tagged as, the poorest country in the Western hemisphere. However, this tag it is unfair, incomplete, inaccurate and therefore misleading, as it proclaims Haiti’s present, without giving a full scope of its past.

Why don’t headlines ever talk about how Haiti was once, one of the most prosperous colonies in the world and one of the world’s leaders in coffee and sugar exports? Why don’t headlines emphasize how it was the first Black republic in the world and for that, it was isolated, punished and blackballed by its former colonizers and their slave-holding allies? Why don’t the headlines report how Haiti was occupied by the United States military for nearly 20 years and how the Haitian people were exploited for cheap labor against their will? Why don’t the headlines mention how the United States government sponsored Jean- Claude Duvalier, also known as “Papa Doc,” one of the most ruthless and notorious dictators of the 20th century with money and arms to rule Haiti for decades under pure fear and terror? I don’t hear many headlines tagging Haiti for having its already fragile economy destroyed in the 1990’s by Bill Clinton’s backdoor deal, that bankrupted and pushed out Haitian rice farmers, while subsidizing farmers from the Clinton’s home state of Arkansas. And more despicably, the hundreds of millions of dollars of humanitarian aid to Haiti in response to the 2010 earthquake that the American Red Cross used to build gated communities for its workers, instead of homes for the victims of the actual earthquake. Oh yeah! What about the United Nation “peace keepers” who have impregnated hundreds if not thousands of Haitian girls and women, while leaving them to raise a generation of children on their own.  Did I mention how those same “peace keepers” brought cholera to Haiti, by contaminating the Haitian water supply with their human waste and feces, leading to the deaths of thousands of people?

To continue to simply tag Haiti as the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere is like watching Mike Tyson’s last fight against Lennox Lewis and deciding that Mike Tyson’s legacy would be cemented from the results of a fight, that should have never happened in the first place. Tyson had been far beyond his prime and to say that he was damaged goods, would have been a compliment. Tyson was merely a shell, a shadow of what his name meant to millions, who watched him in his prime destroy anything that dared to stand in the square with him. And let us rest assure, that his fall from glory, was not by happenstance. The untimely death of his mentor, coupled with his exploitation by the infamous Don King among others; lead one of the greatest fighters the world has ever known, to his back on a canvas mat, in an arena filled with perplexed eyes, pitied hearts and the realization, that this once great boxing warrior-god, had been reduced to a mere mortal. But still, in his downfall, Tyson will always be recognized as one of the greatest. We do not honor hour heroes in their defeat, but in their glory. We should do the same for Haiti.

Haiti has been down for quite some time now, but its true historical and cultural narrative, still outweighs its current calamitous present.  The black sheep, the dark child, prodigal son, the underdog. All these metaphors hold the real story of a nation that continues to fight for its rightful place in the history books and in a world that is quick to forget and dismiss the mighty legacy of the land where black people actually came together to achieve the unspeakable and the unthinkable… FREEDOM.

Many nations have built tremendous wealth on the backs of the oppressed. Just over 200 years ago in 1804, when New World slavery was at its relative peak in places like Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina and Georgia, 1000 miles away, nearly half a million slaves had flipped the script. Greater than any March on Washington, Million Man March, Emancipation Proclamation, Thirteenth, Fourteenth Amendment or Black Lives Matters hashtag… Just as the Patriots had defeated the British, the Africans on the island of Hispaniola had defeated the French army.  Inscribed on the Haitian flag you will find the quote, L’union fait la force, In unity there is strength; which is a kin to the motto of the Thirteen Colonies during the American Revolution… “Join or die.” To be Haitian is to know that you come from the same ilk of the only nation on earth to ever lead a successful slave revolt and to know that running in your veins is the same blood of men in women, who were the original freedom fighters. This is what Haiti should be known for. Because if not, then to be fair, accurate and transparent, we must tag those countries responsible for Haiti’s economic demise … France, the country that still owes Haiti billions in reparations. England, the country that colonized and enslaved millions of people and bled their resources dry until the mid 20th century. The United States, the wealthiest country in the world by inheriting a lucrative slave economy from the British and continued to profit for nearly a century from free labor and has yet to provide reparations to the families of former slaves, while the families of former slave owners continue to thrive from generational wealth.

With the recent landfall of Hurricane Matthew, today, Haiti is clinging onto the ropes. The combination of natural disasters, political and economic sabotage have taken its toll on Haiti. Her opponents have hit her with every hook, jab, uppercut and combination imaginable. She is hurt, wounded and bloodied. And though she has been knocked down and knocked out, she continues to pick herself up and fight again. What a mighty people! What a mighty nation! Haiti, the strongest country in the world, the champion of the people. 

The Right to Remain Violent

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It is in America’s DNA to mistrust and be fearful of black people or anyone who speaks out against the poor treatment of blacks. When the early boatloads of enslaved Africans reached the shores of the Americas in the early 1600’s, there was already a social order in place, that forced black people to the bottom of society. A century later, The Making of a Slave ( A speech that was said to have been delivered by Willie Lynch on the bank of the James River in the colony of Virginia in 1712.  Lynch was a British slave owner in the West Indies. He was invited to the colony of Virginia in 1712 to teach his methods to slave owners there) became the official blue print of how to totally destroy the black spirit and mind through physical violence. Since virtually every black person that arrived in the Americas or born on American soil during the first 300 years were considered slaves, essentially, the foundation of the New World was rooted in a social order that promoted and sustained itself by means of subjugating black people. Just think, slavery existed in the Americas for four centuries, while blacks have only been emancipated for 151 years in the United States.

With 300 years of psychological and physical damage to the minds of blacks and whites, who were programed to believe that the black man, woman and child were inherently inferior, makes the very difficult task of unlearning the systematic racism that exists deep in the pores of our culture, our laws and our everyday existence. Though we have made tremendous gains in technology and science; socially, we are still at an impasse. America still struggles and struggles terribly to treat black people as full citizens. It still does not give black people equal representation, opportunities, protection or privileges.

When we continue to see unnecessary force being used on black men, women and children by law enforcement, it is simply the reminisce and vestigial components of a time when to be black, meant that the black body belonged to someone else. As unfathomable as it may seem, unfortunately the laws in America continue to be enforced in this archaic fashion. A runaway slave did not get to determine his or her own path or plot in life. If a slave ran away, they were considered a fugitive. Depending on the values, economic standing or mindset of the slave owner, the fugitive slave might be spared upon capture, so that they could continue to produce and be profitable. However, there were times when an example had to be made. Black bodies were beaten, battered, crushed and torn on public display, so that anyone else who thought to runaway would surely be aware of the inevitable consequence of physical torture and in some cases death. These were the original policing practices of black people in America.

Centuries later we are still witnessing the outcomes. When the slave did not comply, they were beaten back into submission. In 1816, to comply was to acquiesce to being nothing more than an ox or a mule; a beast of burden. To be noncompliant meant to want to be free, to be human and to actually act upon those notions of freedom and dignity. Slavery in the United States was legally abolished in 1865 with the Thirteenth Amendment. The Fourteenth Amendment  in 1868, granted black people equal rights and protection under the law. However today, blacks are not asking to be freed. Black people are asking for equal protection. If a white man can sit in a parked car and not be approached or questioned or searched, then a black man should have that same right. Nonetheless, it seems as if law enforcement are still being trained in the ways of America’s barbaric past; under the philosophy that black people are inherently criminal.

The spirit of Willie Lynch and the Fugitive Slave laws are still entrenched in the social and cultural fabric of the United States and are alive and well within the legal system. Without equality, there can never be justice. Black people in America have been emancipated for well over a century, but in 2016, America’s ghosts continue to haunt her, one dead unarmed black body at a time.



The History, Psychology and Reality of Black on Black Crime-Part I

Doll Test

The phrase black on black crime is in another subtle tool to perpetuate the narrative that black people in America do not value each other as much as other groups do. Which ultimately gives room for those who want to construct a stronger argument for why black people deserve what they get. They deserve to be treated unfairly and as second-class citizens, I mean, look at how they treat each other. Many black people themselves have also adopted this psychology; which is ridiculous, but sadly true. How can a black man or a woman say, “That’s why we can’t have anything” without including themselves? How can they lose faith in their community and with people share essentially the same historical setbacks and not give up on themselves?  You see, this is the danger of allowing phrases like black on black crime roll off of our tongues without looking deeper into how the phrase came about in the first place.

Research will show that most car accidents happen within 25 miles from home. Why? Because on the day to day basis, we travel relatively close to our homes. Society’s most despicable crimes such as murder and rape are mostly likely done by the hands of someone who actually had a relationship with the victim.  These are consequences of one of geography’s fundamental themes, which is proximity. I’ll come back to this point later.

When African people were taken from the coasts of present-day Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ghana, Cote Ivoire, Angola and the like, to be sold into slavery, three fundamental crimes were committed by two groups, but historically, one group tends to bare more of the blame. One group involved were the Africans, who kidnapped other Africans and brought them to the coast to be sold or traded into bondage. Group two, the Europeans who packed their vessels with human cargo, trafficking millions of people across the Atlantic Ocean for centuries. In the process, millions of people and families were impacted, even to this day. But historically it is Europeans who are “blamed” for the Transatlantic Slave Trade. However, without the help of other Africans, the slave trade would not have had the lasting impact that it did. Yes, Africans kidnapped, murdered and sold other Africans into slavery. Is this black on black crime? Surely it is, but it is inaccurate and historically irresponsible if we do not include the role the Europeans played.

As an educator, I always ask my students to search for the why and more importantly how. And history makes it plain in this case. Greed was why Africans were stolen by the generations and guns is how. The Europeans supplied rival tribes with guns and ammunition, which gave them a distinct advantage over their African counterparts. In exchange for humans, they received more guns, rum and European textiles. One group had all the power, while the others were subject to being ruled and conquered by the all mighty rifle. Imagine what would happen if one group who had been subjugated for generations were actually able to get their hands on guns themselves. Can you say war?

The second theme, scarcity (the limited supply of resources), which is an economic principle, is actually a major cause of criminal behavior that transcends all cultures. After the American Civil War, millions of black people who had never known anything but bondage, were physical set free, but not economically, socially  or psychologically. They were still bound to the lands that their ancestors had labored on; but this time as sharecroppers. Some created their own communities and in many cases they thrived. Some moved North to find better opportunities. But the majority were still clumped together into poorer areas of town. Their opportunities were limited. Their resources were limited. And at times of desperation, anger and frustration, they would fight each other, steal from each other and sometimes even kill one another. In those days it was seen as a black man’s quarrel. Today it has been labeled as black on black crime.

Homocide Rates by Race 2014

History has a funny way of repeating itself. Even though the AK-47 was invented in Russia, during a time when the United States and the Soviet Union were sworn enemies, these high-powered assault rifles have found their way in the hands of street gangs in places like Southside Chicago, Illinois, Northwest Miami-Dade County, Florida and South Central Los Angeles; all places with historically large black populations and a legacy of being under-served. I almost forgot to mention redlining, housing discrimination, unfair hiring practices, mass incarceration, double-digit unemployment rates and legalized segregation. Yet, I digress. According to 2014 U.S. Census Bureau, the sad truth is, 90% of homicides against a black person will be committed by another black person. But at the same time 82% of homicides against another white person will be committed by another white person. With an 8 point differential, I might be inclined to say that white on white crime is also getting out of hand.

Therefore, to utter the phrase black on black crime, without acknowledging the historical disenfranchisement of black people  in America, is like  having a discussion about the Declaration of Independence without addressing British Rule, the Montgomery Bus Boycott without segregation laws or  the Holocaust without mentioning the Nazis. You would not do so because it would demonstrate either a lack of understanding of the historical implications of these landmark events or that you are simply misinformed all together. So what is black on black crime really? It is an unfair label. It is the illegitimate child of American History.  America did everything in its power to conceive it, but now wants to pretend as if it manifested on its own.